Conversions

My recipes use British measurements and ingredients.  As a lot of my favourite baking recipes come from American blogs and cookbooks, I know how frustrating it is to get excited about a recipe, only to be faced with measurements you aren't familiar with.  Sometimes baking fits into a pocket of time that doesn't allow for half an hour spent converting the recipe!  Below are some conversions that I hope will help speed up the process.


TERMINOLOGY

Abbreviations, and British to American terms.

Teaspoon = tsp
Tablespoon = tbsp
Grams = g
millilitres = ml
Pint = pt
Fluid ounces = fl. oz

Plain flour = all purpose flour
Wholemeal flour = whole wheat flour
Caster sugar = superfine sugar
Icing sugar = powdered sugar
White sugar = granulated sugar


MEASUREMENTS

Butter
1 tbsp = 14 g =  1/2 oz
100 g = 7 tbsps = 3 1/2 oz
1/2 US cup = 113 g = 1 US stick = 4 oz
1 US cup = 227 g = 2 US sticks = 8 oz


Plain Flour
1 UK cup = 150 g = 5 oz
1 US cup = 125 g = 4 1/2 oz

Caster Sugar
1 US cup = 225 g = 8 oz

Brown Sugar
loosely packed: 1 US cup = 175 g = 6.25 oz
firmly packed:   1 US cup = 220 g = 8 oz

White Sugar
1 US cup = 220 g = 8 oz

Icing Sugar
1 US cup = 125 g = 4 1/4 oz

Chocolate Chips
1 US cup = 190 g = 6 3/4 oz

Liquids
1 US cup = 240ml
1 pint = 480ml
1 quart = 950ml

Solids
1 US cup uncooked rice = 170 g
1 US cup chopped nuts = 100 g
1 US cup fresh breadcrumbs = 150 g
1 US cup dried fruit = 140 g

Spoons
1 level tablespoon flour = 15 g
1 heaped tablespoon flour = 28 g
1 level tablespoon sugar = 28 g
1 level tablespoon butter = 15 g
 


IMPERIAL TO METRIC
1 oz = 30 g
4 oz = 110 g
1lb = 450 g
1 fl.oz = 30 ml
5 fl.oz or 1/4 pt = 150 ml
20 fl.oz or 1 pt = 600 ml


OVEN TEMPERATURES

130C = 250F = Gas mark 1/2 
150C = 300F = Gas mark 2 
180C = 350F = Gas mark 4 
190C = 375F = Gas mark 5 
200C = 400F = Gas mark 6 
220C = 425F = Gas mark 7 
230C = 450F = Gas mark 8



If your recipe calls for a fan oven temperature, reduce your Celsius temperature by 20 degrees, so:

200C = 180C (fan)



CUPS

There's a slight difference between UK and US cups.  UK cups are 250ml whereas US cups are 240ml.  A UK 1/2 cup, therefore, is 125ml, whilst a US cup is 120ml.  Quarter cups tend to be the same, measuring 60ml.

Baking is rather a specific science, so whilst you could probably get away with the slight differentiation in many recipes, if you'd like to be exact you can simply remove two teaspoons worth from a UK cup to make it the equivalent of a US cup.

It's worth noting also that, unfortunately, different ingredients pack into cups differently.  Most recipes will state, for example, 'light soft brown sugar' or 'packed light soft brown sugar', the latter being pressed into the cup and allowing more to fit in.  Flour, too, can differ based on whether it's scooped into the cup (the 'dip and sweep' method), or spooned in and levelled off.  If in doubt, Nigella's Kitchen Queries team recommend the spooning and levelling option, so I'd be inclined to go with them on the matter.


SOURCES

Traditional Oven
UKTV Food 
King Arthur Flour
- Nigella Kitchen Queries

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